Cell Phone Research Paper Outline

Cell Phone Research Paper Outline

Cell Phone Research Paper Outline

A cell phone research paper is a paper that focuses on the different functions, uses, or effects of a cell phone. A cell phone research paper may take different approaches concerning a cell phone.

It may be the evolution of cell phones to perform more functions or the impact it has made in society over the years. Whatever investigation your cell phone research paper seeks to answer, the outline remains the same.

The following is a cell phone research paper outline:

Cell Phone Research Paper Outline

1. Introduction

Your introduction should include the following:

  • Thesis statement.
  • A sentence explaining to the reader what the variables of interest are at the conceptual level.
  • A sentence or several sentences that explain the broad theoretical reasons why your area of research is important.
  • Proof to the reader why your study is different from the previous studies conducted.
  • The goal that your study is seeking to achieve.

2. Literature review

Your literature review should:

  • Give a brief history of your study area. Your history should include major terms and concepts and what they have been used to explain. Your overview should be a few sentences long and should state what the previous papers on cell phones have focused on. Cite your sources at least once in this section.
  • Present general findings of important studies related to your research topic. Present the main topics relating to your topic, which has been addressed by different studies.

3. Critique The Literature

Point out areas of the literature which you feel has been ignored. If you are using a new dependent variable, state this in your literature review. You may prove, for example, that previous studies have not emphasized on the daily factors that affect the use of cell phones. You may also prove that previous studies have mainly focused on self-reports of cell phone use rather than the actual human behavior as a result of using cell phones.

4. Present Your Study’s Rationale.

This should explain what your study proves or seeks to explain that other studies have not.

This section should include:

  • A description how the variables of interest operate.
  • A description of the study’s design.
  • The research hypothesis. State what your results expect to prove and why you expect to prove the specific results.

5. Conclusions and Recommendations.

Conclude your paper by writing conclusions about your research on cell phone use or effects. Make a summary of the information that you have provided in the entire paper. You should also make recommendations on any new ideas related to your research topic.

6. References.

You should write you references on their own page after the body. Your references should include information such the authors’ names, publication year, title, page number, and city of publication as well as the publisher. Use APA,  MLA or any other referencing style that is specified in your marking rubric.

Literacy Narrative Outline

Literacy Narrative Outline

Literacy Narrative Outline

A literacy narrative gives an account of an experience, usually a personal experience. It narrates about a time when reading and writing helped you learn something important. The main goal of literacy narrative is to tell of a time when you learned from a given experience. Writing a literacy narrative requires you to do the following:

  • Select a topic that you have deep feelings for and are willing to share.
  • Give your paper a title that is suitable for your topic.
  • Engage the reader.
  • Provide vivid descriptions that include sensory details throughout your narrative.
  • Include dialogue.

Literacy Narrative Outline

The following is a literacy narrative outline:

1. Introduction.

The introduction of your narrative essay should include:

  • A hook. A hook is an interesting statement or phrase used to grab the reader’s attention. It should be included in the first sentences of your introduction paragraph.
  • A thesis statement.
  • The significance of the topic you are writing about to the reader.
  • The significance of the topic you are writing about to you.

2. Setting.

The setting should include:

  • Beginning of event. This section should provide an explanation of how events happened at the beginning. Explain to the reader the exact events that happened before reaching the end. Ensure that you include a detailed sensory explanation of what happened. Express your feelings as well as those of the other character involved, about what happened.
  • Some background information about the event you are writing about. This information should contain some history about the event as well as some important details on the event. It should explain in details the time when reading and writing helped you learn something important
  • Setting. Provide a description of the setting where the events of that day took place. You should also, provide the readers with an explanation of the importance of the setting to your narrative.
  • Characters. Describe the important physical and personality characteristics of the characters involved in your literacy narrative.
  • Short story. Provide details that establish the conflict in your narrative. This short story can also give details explaining the stakes of the characters involved in your narrative.

3. Events Climax.

Include the following in this section:

  • Express your feelings and those of the other characters involved about what happened.
  • Give an explanation of how things escalated.
  • Provide a detailed sensory explanation of the events that happened.

4. Conclusion.

Your conclusion should:

  • Tell your readers how things ended up and what you learned from the events of that particular day that changed your literacy practices.
  • Sum up the event that you have explained in your entire literacy narrative.

Discursive Essay Outline

Discursive Essay Outline

Discursive Essay Outline

A discursive essay is an essay that requires you to argue for or against a given topic. A discursive essay may also require you to present your views on both sides of a given topic in a balanced manner without picking any sides.

There are three types of discursive essays. These are:

  • Opinion essays. The writer is required to state their opinion and provide arguments to support the opinion. The writer must also give arguments against the topic and explain why they cannot support the topic.
  • Essays suggesting a solution to a problem. This type of discursive essay brings forward a problem and provides several ways to solve the problem. The writer must then give their opinion on the best solution to the problem in their conclusion.
  • For and against essays. These type of discursive essays gives reasons for and against a given topic. The writer is however required to give their opinion on the topic by stating their preference before making a conclusion on the essay.

Discursive Essay Layout

The following is a discursive essay outline:

1. Introduction

Your introduction should be short and precise. A discursive essay’s introduction should include:

  • A hook sentence. Write an interesting phrase or line that will grab the readers’ attention.
  • A thesis statement.
  • topic sentence.
  • short explanation of your topic.
  • An introduction of both sides of your arguments.

2. Body

In the body part, describe the causes of the events in detail. The body should include:

  • An assessment of all the aspects of the event.
  • Two to three points to prove and support your views in different paragraphs. You should argue out your strongest evidence first.
  • You can provide evidence alternatively. That is, provide evidence that supports your thesis statement in your first paragraph and then prevent evidence that is against it in your second paragraph.
  • Ensure that you do not give any biased information.

3. Conclusion

Your conclusion should remind your readers of your arguments and supporting evidence. It should restate the overall claim and supporting evidence presented in your essay.

Your conclusion:

  • Should not simply restate your introduction paragraph.
  • Should restate your thesis statement.
  • Should tell the readers why they should care about your essay.
  • State your personal stand on the topic.
  • Should create a sense of movement to a more complex understanding of your paper’s subject.
  • Should summarize the evidence that you have provided and convince the reader why you have picked your stand.
  • Should serve as your essay’s climax.
  • Should have a concrete language to avoid leaving the readers with the impression that your arguments were vague and unsure.

4. References

Include a list of the quotes and ideas from previous works related to your topic. This is the most important part of a discursive essay.

Comparison Paper Outline

Comparison Paper Outline

Comparison Paper Outline

A comparison paper is a paper that requires the writer to compare two subjects that have some sort of relationship in terms of similarities and differences. A comparison paper aims at comparing subjects based on both their similarities and differences. The subjects might have a close relation or be very different.

Comparison Essay Layout

A comparison paper can be outlined in either of the following two ways:

Block Approach

This pattern is most effective when used on short papers and essays. In the block approach, your paper’s body should be organized by discussing one subject, point by point, in complete detail before moving on to the next subject. You should select points by which both subjects can be discussed. The number of points to be discussed determines the number of body paragraphs in your comparison paper. The block approach organization includes:

  • Introduction. Introduce the two or more subjects that you are comparing and give a thesis statement.
  • First body paragraph. Explain the first point of the first subject.
  • Second body paragraph. Explain the second point of the first subject.
  • Explain the third point of the first subject.
  • Fourth body paragraph. Transition and explain the first point of the second subject by proving similarities and differences with the fist point of the first subject.
  • Fifth body paragraph. Explain the second point of the second subject and provide similarities as well as differences with the second point of the first subject.
  • Sixth body paragraph. Explain the third point of the second subject and provide similarities and differences with the third point of the first subject.
  • Conclusion. Prove the importance of the similarities and differences between the two subjects with relevance to your thesis.

Point-By-Point Approach

This pattern is most effective when used on longer papers, such as a comparison of two articles, short stories, or novels. Your paper’s body should be organized by discussing one point at a time and explaining how it applies to each subject before moving on to the next point.

  • Introduction. Introduce the two or more subjects being compared and lead to a thesis statement.
  • First point. Explain the first point of both subjects comparing and contrasting the evidence of this point in each subject.
  • Second point. Explain the second point of both subjects comparing and contrasting the evidence this point in each subject.
  • Third point. Explain the third point of both subjects comparing and contrasting the evidence of this point in each subject.
  • Conclusion. Prove the importance of the similarities and differences between the two subjects in line with their relevance to your thesis.

DBQ Essay Outline

DBQ Essay Outline

DBQ Essay Outline

DBQ is an abbreviation for document-based question. A DBQ essay is a form of essay that provides documents that will serve as your sources of information when writing.

When writing a DBQ essay you are required to provide the following:

  • Historical context. This paragraph gives some background information about your essay’s topic.
  • Task. This is the specific question that you are expected to answer in your essay.
  • Documents and questions. These are the documents that will help you write your essay.

Follow the steps below to write a DBQ essay:

  • Read the historical context before writing the first sentence of your essay. This allows you to understand what the essay is about before you begin to write your introduction.
  • Read the task and write your thesis statement. Your thesis statement should be the last sentence in your introduction and is the most important in your entire essay. In order to write a thesis statement, you need to know the task that you are required to complete first.
  • Read the documents and answer the questions presented. This step is important because you will get most of the information for your essay here. Do the following while reading all the documents:
  • Answer the questions that arise.
  • Fill out your information box.
  • Label each document according to the topic you think they will fit in.
  • Outline your DBQ essay. You should outline your essay as follows:

DBQ Essay Outline

1.0 Introduction

Your introduction should include:

  • The historical context that you will use for your essay.
  • Your thesis statement.
  • An outline of the later categories of document analysis.
  • Hook. State your argument by explaining the broader historical events or processes that are immediately relevant to the question.

2.0 Body Paragraph 1

The body should include:

  • Main idea 1
  • Topic sentence.
  • Outside information.
  • Evidence from document 1.
  • Evidence from document 3.
  • Evidence from document 6.
  • Outside information.
  • Transition sentence.

3.0 Body Paragraph 2

It should include:

  • Main idea 2
  • Topic sentence.
  • Evidence from document 2.
  • Evidence from document 4.
  • Outside information.
  • Evidence from document 5.
  • Outside information.
  • Transition sentence.

          4.0 Body Paragraph 3

It should include:

  • Main idea 3.
  • Topic sentence.
  • Outside information.
  • Evidence from document 8.
  • Outside information.
  • Evidence from document 7.
  • Evidence from document 9.
  • Transition sentence.

5.0 Conclusion

Your conclusion should include:

  • A restatement of your thesis statement. Ensure that you do not repeat it word by word.
  • summary of the main ideas presented in the body paragraphs.
  • Some historical significance on your essay.
  • Any additional document.

Brainstorming And Outlining

Brainstorming And Outlining

Brainstorming And Outlining

Brainstorming includes the writing and thinking that happens before you actually start writing your paper or essay. It is an effective manner to come up with ideas on what to write, organizing the ideas and saving time when writing your actual paper or essay. On the other hand, outlining is the grouping of ideas into similar topics and themes. It comes after brainstorming.

There are different types of brainstorming.

They include:

  • Note-taking. This involves taking down notes when you read, hear or think about something that may be important in your paper. Effective note-taking requires you to write different ideas collected from different sources on separate note cards or papers.
  • Listing. Listing is also known as bulleting.  When listing, write down your topic and then write everything you can think of that is related to your topic below it. After creating your list, cross out things that do not fit into categorizing your list.
  • Clustering. Clustering is also known as mapping or webbing. It involves taking ideas and proving that they are connected to each other and your main topic. The most effective way to carry out clustering is by taking your list and writing similar topics under the sub-heading and then drawing a line that connects the sub-heading to your main topic.
  • Free writing. Free writing is also known as brain dump. It involves writing for five or more minutes on your topic, without pausing, thinking or worrying about grammar and spelling mistakes or anything else.  Free writing gives you a chance to cross out some bad ideas before you start writing. It also helps you come up with the best ideas.
  • Looping. This is an extended form of free writing. The writer free writes and then reflects and analyzes what they have written and free writes again. Looping gives you a chance to end up only with the best of ideas on your topic.
  • Journalistic questioning. Journalistic questioning involves the writer asking journalistic questions such as what, where, who, when, why and how. It gives context for ideas and helps create a structure for the paper.

There are two forms of outlining.

They include:

1. Outline for prewriting. This includes considering all your ideas, specifically those that you have come up with during brainstorming and grouping them into various categories. It includes:

  • Formulating a thesis statement.
  • Sorting the ideas into the same categories.
  • Evaluation. Ensure that your categories support your thesis statement.
  • Reverse outlining. This is a revision process in which you organize what you have already written and identifying areas that require more or less information.

2. Formal outline. This includes laying out main points for readers. It may serve as a final process to write your paper. It serves as a summary for your readers and allows them to understand the main points in your paper before going into the details. There are two types of formal outlines. They include:

  • Topic outlines. It uses keywords and phrases and relies mostly on the concept of parallelism.
  • Sentence outlines. It expresses each point as a complete sentence.

Both types of formal outlining should adhere to the following:

  • Coordination. Each point should have the same relationship to your main point.
  • Subordination. Each point in your outline should have a general heading and a more specific sub heading.
  • Division. Each main point must have at least two sub-points.

Apology Letter Sample: Apology Letter For Failing To Attend A Meeting

Apology Letter Sample: Apology Letter For Failing To Attend A Meeting

Apology Letter Sample

An apology letter is used to express regret towards a past bad occurrence. It is written to apologize for one’s mistake and to mend up a broken relationship between individuals or organizations.

The following is an apology letter sample:

Apology Letter For Failing To Attend A Meeting

Your Name,

Your Address,

 

Date

Receiver’s Name,

Receiver’s Position,

Receiver’s Address.

 

Dear Mr. /Ms. (name),

Please accept my sincere apology for failing to attend the meeting yesterday. I was unable to attend because (mention reason). I apologize for any inconvenience I may have caused.

If it is possible, I would be interested to re-schedule the meeting at a time that is convenient for you. Once again, I apologize and thank you for your time and consideration.

Sincerely,

(Signature)

Your name.

Complaint Letter Example: Sample Letter Of Complaint To Management

Complaint Letter Example: Sample Letter Of Complaint To Management

Complaint Letter Example: Sample Letter Of Complaint To Management

A complaint letter is written to address any form of wrongdoing, grievance, offense, or a bad product or service to the concerned parties. It is meant to raise your concern about an unfair happening and seek for a productive outcome. The following is a complaint letter sample:

Sample Letter Of Complaint To Management

Your Address,

Your City.

 

Date.

Name of Contact Person (If Available),

Title (If Available),

Company Name,

Company Address,

City.

 

Dear (contact person):

Re:

On (date) I purchased (product name with serial or model number) at (location and other important details of the transaction).

Unfortunately your (product/service) did not perform as expected. I am disappointed because (explain the problem with the product/service that you purchased).

To solve the problem, I would appreciate if (state the specific action that you want them to take. For example get your money back or exchange of product). Enclosed are copies of my purchase records (include copies of receipts, warranties, guarantees and other documents that came with purchase of the product or service).

I am looking forward to your reply with a resolution to my issue and will wait until (give deadline) before seeking help from the relevant authorities. You can contact me on (your address and phone number).

Appeal Letter Sample: Appeal Letter Sample For College

Appeal Letter Sample: Appeal Letter Sample For College

Appeal Letter Sample: Appeal Letter Sample For College

An appeal letter is written with the aim of having a decision reconsidered and hopefully overturned. You should state the situation or event in your appeal letter, explain why you think it was wrong and unfair, and state what you hope the new outcome will be.

The following is an appeal letter sample:

Appeal Letter Sample For College

Your Name,

Your Address,

Your City.

Your Phone Number

Your Email Address

 

Date

Recipient’s Name,

Recipient’s Title,

Recipient’s Address.

 

Dear sir/madam,

Re: Appeal for Suspension from School.

I am writing to appeal the decision to suspend me for (state the reason) that was discussed on (day) by the school board members.

As you stated in our meeting, (state the reasons raised to reach this decision). I have attached (documents that will plead your appeal case).

In light of these facts, I request that you consider your decision about (the appeal reason).

Proposal Letter Sample: Proposal Letter Sample For Services

Proposal Letter Sample: Proposal Letter Sample For Services

Proposal Letter Sample

A proposal letter is a business letter used to introduce someone to your ideas. It serves as a formal introduction to a possible client. A proposal letter shows the reader that you understand their needs and highlights why you would be the best choice to meet their needs. It should be intriguing enough to push the reader to read your full proposal.

The following is a proposal letter sample for services:

Proposal Letter Sample For Services

Your Name,

Your Organization Name,

Your Address.

 

Date

Recipient’s Name,

Recipient’s Position,

Recipient’s Address.

 

Dear (Recipient’s Name),

Our company (name) has been providing (services/products name) for other organizations like yours for the past (number) years. We pride ourselves in providing top notch customer service and specific services to our client’s preference. We are also available 24 hours 7 days a week to receive your requests and orders.

We have the following products/services that we would like to discuss with you:

(Write a list of the products/services that your company offers in bullets).

I would like to meet with you and discuss how we can offer solutions to your organization’s need. I will give you a call on (date) to set up our meeting.