How nursing papers pro is Complying with GDPR

How nursing papers pro is Complying with GDPR

nursing papers pro commitment to you

Many of the clients and freelancers registered on Upwork may be wondering how we’re handling the upcoming GDPR compliance. Upwork’s Legal and Information Security and Privacy teams have carefully analyzed the new regulation and are undertaking the necessary steps to ensure that we comply. As always, we value you and your confidence in sharing personal data with Upwork. We treat your privacy with extreme seriousness and we will meet the requirements of GDPR by its deadline, May 25, 2018.

What is GDPR?

The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) is the most important change in data privacy regulation in the last 20 years. GDPR gives EU residents more clarity and control over how their personal data is used. Personal data is anything that can directly or indirectly identify a person, such as a photo, name, bank details, medical information, computer IP address, and so on. This European-wide law replaces the 1995 Data Protection Directive 95/46/EC.

Some of the biggest changes

Increased scope

The regulation applies to any business, whether it’s located in the EU or not, that processes personal data of EU residents. It also places additional obligations on companies and grants additional privacy rights to EU residents.

Legitimacy to process personal data

Companies can directly market to customers based on a legitimate interest. For organizations that don’t have a legal basis, the company can obtain the customer’s consent. Under the new regulation, obtaining and documenting consent requires more effort as EU residents must provide explicit consent. What’s more, it should be just as easy and straightforward to give consent, as it is to withdraw it.

What does GDPR mean for Upwork users?

GDPR goes into effect on May 25, 2018. It will affect all Upwork clients and freelancers who reside in the EU. On or around the May 25th GDPR effective date, both EU and non-EU residents will need to consent to the revised Privacy Policy that will appear on Upwork’s website. New users residing in the EU will also have the choice to opt-in to receiving marketing emails.

GDPR and your business

If you have or may have EU-based clients, or you process or may process personal data of EU-based individuals, it’s a good idea to familiarize yourself with the GDPR. Know what rights the regulation grants EU-based individuals, and the obligations it places on your business. It may benefit you to identify potential issues and discuss requirements with a client or potential client, before starting a project.

As always, protecting your information is extremely important to Upwork. Although the GDPR requires a few changes, we see the new regulation as a positive way to enhance services for Upwork users who reside in the EU.

Your One-Stop Collaboration Tool

Your One-Stop Collaboration Tool

Knowing your way around Upwork Messages can help make collaborating and tracking projects a snap. Messages makes it easy to directly communicate with your project collaborators. You can efficiently establish project workflows, make sure you never lose track of communication, and share and store files.

Upwork Messages is a chat-function that’s available to all members. It enables you to chat in real time with your collaborators. You can discuss the scope of a project, when deliverables will be sent and received, ask or answer any questions about the project, and anything else you need to talk about to make sure everyone is on the same page. If you send a message to someone who isn’t online, they’ll receive an email notification and be able to see the message when they log on.

Tip: You can decide how the Enter button functions by clicking on the gear icon in the text box in Messages. Choose if you want the Enter button to send the message or add a line break.

All your messages will be saved in Messages, so you can easily reference them again later. You can chat with your collaborators one-on-one using “rooms.” Rooms are conversations you have with at least one other collaborator. If you want to make sure you’re on the same page as your team members, simply select the name of someone you’ve messaged in the past and you can see all the messages you’ve exchanged and send them a new message about the project. Looking for an old message? Use the search box on the left-hand side and search using a short phrase or single word to narrow down the results.

Want to have a voice conversation or face-to-face meeting? Use the video chat feature, and speak with your team members and collaborators to share ideas and plan the project. To start a video chat, click the camera icon on the upper right-hand side of a room or a chat with one person.

Looking for a recent conversation or want to organize your messages? Choose from two different views, Recent or Category (e.g., People or Rooms), on the top left of your Messages.

You have complete control over your notifications and can make changes to your settings at any time. To change your email notification settings, click the gear icon in the top left of Messages.

You can also send files in Upwork Messages. To upload a file, click the paperclip icon in the text box where you type messages, or you can drag and drop a file into the text box. You can add up to 10 attachments with a total maximum file size of 95 MB. Every room and one-on-one conversation has an icon that looks like a piece of paper in the upper right-hand corner of Messages. You’ll be able to access all past files and links that have been shared during that conversation.

Transparency and clear communication are critical when it comes to any project. Make sure your projects are a success by taking advantage of all the features of Upwork Messages. For more information on how to use Messages, watch this video.

A Letter to Our Community Regarding COVID-19

A Letter to Our Community Regarding COVID-19

In troubling and uncertain times like these, we find more meaning than ever in our company mission, which is to create economic opportunities so that people have better lives. It is through this lens that we are responding to the current COVID-19 crisis. I want to update everyone on the steps we are taking and the ways we can help both businesses and freelancers navigate the current challenges.

To ensure the safety of our team members as well as our business continuity, Upwork has moved from a hybrid to a fully remote model. We were built on a strong distributed team model, with the majority of our 1,700 team members already working remotely from their home offices in more than 800 cities before this crisis. Those who regularly work in one of our three corporate offices have shifted to working remotely as well.

We realize the rapid pivot to adopt fully remote work is jarring for many, and I want to assure everyone that you can do this. As people increasingly adapt their behavior to curb the spread of the virus, two big questions we are hearing from our customers are “How can my entire company work from home successfully?” and “How can I still get critical things done when my teams and usual business operations are so disrupted?”

Our entire team at Upwork is here to help, and I want to share some of the resources our clients have been finding useful as they navigate these uncharted waters:

  • Businesses can do amazing work while working remotely. We have been a leader in remote work for more than 20 years, so we know firsthand the incredible outcomes that distributed teams can deliver. To help those who are just beginning to work in this manner, we will regularly share our best advice and tips for building and managing remote and distributed teams, starting with Best Practices for Rapidly Adopting a Remote Work Strategy and Tips for Understanding the Remote Work Model.
  • Businesses can quickly access the talent they need. In the past few days, we’ve seen an influx of additional skilled professionals join Upwork’s existing communities of highly skilled mobile developersdesignerswriters, and more. We have a global network of talented professionals available to help. Continuing to post critical projects to these professionals is an important way to help them maintain income continuity in this tough time.
  • Businesses can continue to work seamlessly with temporary employees, independent pros, and agencies. Our Bring Your Own Talent offering can help manage distributed workforce programs from end to end in one centralized platform. Organizations can maintain transparency into their team’s work via screenshots in our hourly time tracker, leverage our collaboration tools for easy communication with talent, and opt to pay their team using our time-tested, safe payroll solution. If you are interested in gaining access to these capabilities

As Upwork’s CEO, I’m also very aware that self-employed individuals and small-business entrepreneurs often face heightened risks in economic downturns. We appreciate that these professionals are doing the critical work of helping customers keep their businesses moving at a time when disruption and stress are very high. Upwork is committed to supporting independent professionals through this trying time, and we are working hard to ensure that clients know that their skills and talent may be exactly the thing they need to get through the current crisis. In particular we are working to:

  • Help self-employed individuals and entrepreneurs maintain business continuity. We are working hard with our clients around the world to ensure that their changing business needs are translating into work opportunities—particularly in this time when the need for work done remotely is at an all-time high. We are investing in developing new job pipelines so that independent professionals can find meaningful work opportunities on our platform even as this crisis unfolds. We are also helping our clients successfully adapt to remote work.
  • Support freelancers in a time of need. We are a Founding Partner of the Freelancers Relief Fund, established by the Freelancers Union to assist independent workers experiencing financial hardship as a result of the coronavirus pandemic. For more information
  • Facilitate earnings from non-Upwork clients. We are testing a program that gives independent professionals the ability to leverage our escrow services and directly invoice non-Upwork clients. We are here to help freelancers get paid at a time when prior solutions such as cash and checks may not be viable. If you are interested, please sign up here.
  • Accelerate receipt of payments. We have heard a heightened desire to expedite payments from Upwork clients. We have established an internal task force that is working on how we might do this, and we will keep everyone up-to-date on these efforts in our community forum.

Our team is working around the clock to develop new resources, and we will continue to share more as the situation evolves. In the meantime, our thoughts continue to be with our clients and community during this challenging time. Please stay safe, stay healthy, and stay connected—and let us know how we can help.

The best job sites for finding work at home

The best job sites for finding work at home

Job postings aren’t necessarily the sites that focus on work at home jobs

Space is not a constraint to start up a business or venture. You can also start it from your home, with least investment and effort. Work at home jobs are now the in thing for the freelancers and the housewives. Even the regularly employed people are getting into this profession and are taking it as their full time career. The options are getting diversified day by day with market expansion and internationalization. At the same time earning potential has also increased manifolds.The best job sites for finding work at home

The options available to start a home based business are primarily of outsourcing in nature. But, one can also opt for proprietary business. Content writing, softwarThe best job sites for finding work at homee programming, testing are just a few writer jobs available in the market. Most of these jobs are available on the internet and it has become more accessible and flexible to work with. But while opting for this career option you need to make a calculated and wise decision. The initial period is a testing time for all such entrepreneurs. The going is slow and the earnings are not so lucrative. Yet one needs to be dedicated and have the perseverance to stick to the job. But you need to understand the requirements of this job. There are a few areas that one needs to look into before stepping into this profession. These are:

  • Core competency

Try to highlight the core competency within you. Understand what you are good at. There is no point doing something that you are not comfortable in.

  • Select the job

Only understanding the core competency will not do. You have to look into the feasibility study. You can not start a construction business from home. Select the job that suits the work space, environment and your time devotion.

  • Time

As stated above time is crucial while deciding the job. Calculate how much time you can devote for this project or assignment. Because you can not take it lightly after you have committed to the project.

  • Revenue

Know the earning potential. If you are devoting additional time on this and also hampering your family life you need to be adequately compensated for this.

  • Support

You require a positive support from your family and close friends. Because the initial start will not be easy. There will lot of hindrances and shortfalls and you need to overcome those with confidence and guts. Hence, you require the support to take you forward.

The freedom and flexibility of the work at home job can not be compromised. You are your own boss and allot the time as per your convenience. Moreover, you can earn as much as you want. It is a huge industry with numerous writing online for money jobs available on the website and on local newspapers and magazines. The convenience of internet has been a major boon for this business and the entrepreneurs are greatly benefited from this.

Plagiarism-Checking Software

Plagiarism-Checking Software

Plagiarism Check Software: How Can I Use Them?

Every person involved in academic writing is well aware of the fact that plagiarism is quite a pressing topic. As far as the issue is on the agenda in our professional activity, we decided to shed some light on the commonly used plagiarism software. First of all, let’s start from what actually the term “plagiarism” means. Most of us consider “plagiarizing” as copying someone’s work or borrowing somebody’s ideas. In fact, “copying” and “borrowing” are only the masking notions for the serious violation.The student can be excluded from the university if the issue of plagiarism has occurred during the learning process.

According to Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary “to plagiarize” means:

  • to steal and pass off (the ideas or words of another) as one’s own
  • to use (another’s production) without crediting the source
  • to commit literary theft
  • to present as new and original an idea or product derived from an existing source

All in all, plagiarism is nothing more than fraud and lies

The student can be excluded from the university if the issue of plagiarism has occurred during the learning process.

During the research, you use different sources: articles, on-line books, videos, etc. All these sources finally appear in the Works Cited page. In the body section every paragraph or sentence taken from the other source and is not your own conclusion must be referenced according to demanded academic style.

However, sometimes we neglect the rules of proper referencing or simply forget about in-text citations. Therefore, always better to double-check your paper for plagiarism in order to avoid further issues. For such purpose there are various software programs that will check your paper for plagiarism indicating if there is any matching text accessible in the web.

When choosing the software, it would be better to pay attention to the reputation of the particular company or its product

For example, a well-known company is more likely to sell the software, but not distribute it for free. Please keep in mind that the penalty for plagiarism is always heavier than the amount you are to pay for the program.

N.B. Not all of the plagiarism checking software products are 100% reliable. Some softs, for example, Turnitin, save the papers in their database after checking. What does the latter mean? Imagine the situation when you had written a good dissertation and put a lot of effort in it. Naturally, you will want to check it for instances of plagiarism. If it is Turnitin, the result will be 0% of matching text for the first time. With the happy smile on your face you pass this dissertation to the tutor. He checks the paper with Turnitin and it appears that the paper is 100% plagiarized! How it can be? The reason is the paper has been saved in the database. By the way, a lot of universities and colleges use Turnitin for plagiarism check. In this respect, Turitin not only processes the available data on the Internet, but also it scans its own database of academic papers that have been submitted by different students from all over the world.

In order to avoid such unpleasant situations, do not use Turnitin for plagiarism check. You can always decide in favor of a program which checks only on-line sources while processing your paper and what is more, it won’t add your paper to the base.

Strong Conclusion:Writing a strong conclusion

Strong Conclusion

Writing a strong conclusion

Every academic writer is well aware of the importance of conclusion. It is often more than enough to get the general picture of the dissertation or an essay by going through this usually laconic section. Writing one, however, is no small feat.

That is mostly because it is rather hard to find anything useful or interesting to say in conclusions. Here are only the few out of many points to keep in mind when writing the “epilogue” of your dissertation

Many people prefer sticking to the “formula”

When writing one, but it would often be better to go without clichés and phrases like “We can conclude that…”. It would make your conclusions section feel more alive and written, because you “care”.
Do not forget to bring up the main idea of the research, its significance. When writing a conclusion you should show how you answered the main research question and brought closure to the problem. Do not concentrate on something that you have written in a single paragraph of the paper, instead try shedding some light on the issues of the whole research, carried throughout the paper.

Last chapter has several main purposes:

  • to summarise the results
  • to present your own suggestions and ideas about the research
  • to offer your advice and speculate on the future research in this area.

Check this list of most common tips useful to write a logical conclusion:

  1. Never underestimate the significance of the keywords. Use them and the phrases from the introduction wisely. Do not abuse this, however, as it may come to bite you in the end. But, putting the correct keywords and phrases in the correct places throughout the conclusion can greatly benefit you in the eyes of the person, researcher, etc. who is currently reviewing your paper.
  2. Do not lose “style”. Keep the same tone that you have used in the dissertation or essay. Try to refrain from using any ambiguity in your expressions, jokes and hard to understand contexts. The tone should be polite and formal. It will present you as the serious researcher, intent on having a serious and thoughtful discussion.
  3. Keep in mind that you are not to introduce any new ideas in your conclusion. This section in its entirety should signal the reader that you are trying to point out the significance of the paper and bring the whole dissertation to the definite and clear end. Disregarding this is not recommended, as it may be viewed as “disappointing” in the eyes of the reader, who wanted to see the answer to the question raised and not to be introduced to another unsolved problem.
  4. Always remember that a good researcher revises the conclusion along with the paper. If you are changing something in your essay or a dissertation, your conclusions section should become the mirror of the paper, accurately adjusting itself to whatever changes you have made. Rereading your own conclusions from time to time will do you no harm, but it may greatly benefit you in the long run.

These are only several points to keep in mind when writing a strong conclusion. Never hesitate to put some effort into this small section and your efforts will surely pay off.

How to write a narrative essay

How to write a narrative essay

Everybody has a story to tell. Every single day, you may be conversing with family, friends, classmates, co-workers, or strangers, relaying stories and experiences. Given that kind of interaction, a narrative essay for college should be a breeze for you.

Even if you don’t consider yourself a good essay writer, getting into the theme and groove of the story will help you keep the words flowing – you might even have the problem of not wanting to edit anything out! Still need some tips to be able to craft the perfect narrative essay? Our guide by narrative essay writing service experts will show you how!

What Is a Narrative Essay?

Think of a narrative essay, as if you are telling a non-fictional hero story with a central character being you. These types of writing tend to include elements of a story while maintaining the structure of an essay. The primary purpose of the narrative essay is to inform the reader about a certain experience. Although it is possible there may be a lesson to learn from the experience, your objective as the author is to tell a story and not draw any conclusions as a narrator.

Types of Narrative Writing

People have been telling stories since ancient times. All types of stories share one thing in common; they are all part of narrative writing. Here are the four common types of narrative:

Linear Narrative

This type of narrative essay presents the events of the story in chronological order. There are various ways to accomplish this through any narrative perspective. The text can be written in first, second, and third-person. The linear narrative is meant to create an effect of immersion for the reader. During the read-through of such a narrative, the reader becomes immersed in the protagonist’s daily life by watching the events of the character’s life unfold in chronological order. A linear narrative essay has a clear beginning, middle, and end, making it relatively easy to keep up with the events of the story. Various examples of linear narratives can be found in Jane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice. The novel shows different narrative perspectives. However, the events of the plot unfold in chronological order.

Non-Linear Narrative

As you may guess from the name, a non-linear narrative essay tells the story out of order, often employing flashbacks and other literary devices to shift the reader back and forth through the timeline of the story. This is done to put emotional emphasis on some parts of the narrative and make thematic connections between events. A great example of a non-linear narrative is demonstrated in one of the most ancient classics, Homer’s epic poem The Odyssey. Presentation of events out of chronological order has the effect of building suspense throughout the long narrative poem, as the reader is left to wonder how Odysseus’ ordeals began. Given the length of the poem, it is also used to keep the reader interested.

Quest Narrative

In a quest narrative essay, the protagonist is constantly moving towards a certain goal. Typically, reaching that goal involves a long journey, as the object of their pursuit is located far from their current whereabouts. Among the best examples of the quest narrative is J.R.R. Tolkein’s The Hobbit and Lord of the Rings. In the novels, the protagonists embark on a long journey, which takes them through many dangers, and challenges along the way.

How to Write a Reflective Essay

How to Write a Reflective Essay

Reflecting writing in general and reflective essay, in particular, is a test of your life experience. Its structure depends on the purpose and is determined by the expectations of the educator. At first, this seems like a straightforward task, but when you start writing, it becomes clear that this academic assignment requires a conscientious approach and attention to every detail, to ensure coherence and exposing relevant information. The author of a reflection essay analyzes their own life experience and transformations, becoming influenced by particular circumstances and conditions. The purpose of the reflective writing consists in revealing more details about the personality of an author. It helps to analyze what he or she has read, seen or heard—how this experience impacted his or her life and changed world perception.

What Is a Reflective Essay?

The reflective essay talks about personal writers’ opinions concerning certain subjects. It’s essential to choose an appropriate title before you start writing an essay. You must set the direction of thoughts. A formulated topic will help narrow the field of information search.

Don’t be afraid to experiment. The reflective thinking process will lead you to the right way out. You need to identify particular and crucial facts and circumstances that influenced your life experience during a specific time. You can talk about school and student years, internships, or interchange programs.

The most important thing is identifying strong points that helped you to cover your knowledge gaps and form opinions on specific subjects and topics. Focus on strengths and weaknesses, successes and difficulties that accompanied you on the path to achieving the goal.

The emotional component is essential. Describing your feelings from a particular action or phenomenon that influenced your worldview always generates interest. It doesn’t matter if you are writing an essay on a free topic or an assigned one by your educator.

What Is an Informative Essay?

Informative Essay Guide: Topics, Outline, Examples, Tips

When writing an informative essay, you must understand what source of argumentation it stems from. Additionally, you must follow an informative essay format, which has its own peculiarities. You may be familiar with expository essays where the author must investigate and evaluate various evidence. Moreover, the author must provide the argumentation for the stated idea as well.

What Is an Informative Essay?

An informative essay is an academic paper written by high school and college students. This kind of informative writing aims to inform the target audience about a particular object, person, situation, or phenomenon. The purpose is to respond to the main question by explaining the topic in detail. When writing in an informational essay format, imagine the readers do not know anything about the topic in front of them. If possible, use professional terms to explain the topic, but remember to provide meaningful explanations. The definition of informative writing is as follows: The piece must be informative and based on facts. It is not supposed to sway the reader into changing their beliefs or give an opinion.

Informative writing:

  • based on cold facts, statistics, and scientific evidence
  • not supposed to give the author’s opinion

Example: When writing an informative essay about marketing for the audience of students who have no idea of startups and business, try to express the main idea with the help of special words. Great words to use are brainstorming, A/B testing, target audience, customer research, copywriting, etc. Give professional definitions. In some cases, use specific examples to explain the meaning of words.

Need an Informative Essay?

Trust real pros to write your essay. Hire an expert to deal with your paper and chill out.

Informative Essay Outline

If you don’t know how to write an informative essay outline, don’t worry. It looks much like most of the academic papers. There are three parts in it: an introduction, the body paragraphs, and a conclusion. Also, do not forget to include a list of references at the end of the work. The number of body paragraphs may vary based on your topic, so choose it carefully. In the conclusion of your informational essay, remind the reader of the main idea. Instead of providing a thesis statement in the shape of an argument, you can stress the importance of the issue under consideration. The purpose of an outline for an informative essay is to determine what you are going to talk about and organize your thoughts.

Example: Imagine that the topic of the informative essay is “The effectiveness of exercising on coping with stress.

Your informative essay outline should look like this:

  • Origin of the problem. This is the main idea of the essay, focusing on the ways exercising helps dealing with stress. Feel free to go into the history of the problem, and in this case, it is especially important to have a thorough introduction. This will let the reader know what is going on and help understand the information you will provide later in the body of the essay.
  • Process. Write about the ways researchers detect what type of exercises help and why. Describe how exactly does it work.
  • Benefits. Describe the advantages of regular exercise using examples from real life.

Informative Essay Introduction

In this part of the essay, take the time to introduce the problem you are going to discuss. The introduction should not be very long; however, in some cases, there are exceptions, especially if the problem you are discussing is complex and not well known to the general public. The main objective of this section is to provide a background of the topic, write your thesis, and let the essay smoothly transition into the next part, the body.

Informative Essay Body

Use the body part to inform the target audience about the peculiarities of the topic. You have got three paragraphs that you can use to share some interesting facts with your audience. Go into the little known details, or reflect on common knowledge in a new light to intrigue readers. The three integral elements of each body paragraph you must absolutely have are the claim, supporting evidence, and explanation. The principle here is simple, state something and explain why it is so by backing it up with evidence. Be as detailed in your explanation as you can and remember to stay on point.

How to structure your cause and effect essay

How to Write a Cause and Effect Essay

It always seems harder to deal with the task you have never faced before. However, writing a decent cause and effect essay can appear easier than expected. Once you have come up with an outline to follow, you will be able to finish the paper within the least time possible.

What is a cause and effect essay?

The cause and effect essay aims to discuss a problem and a solution to the phenomenon or event mentioned in the title. Grammatical constructions take a special part in these texts. Cause and effect essays are often written in a subjunctive mood, which can be found in the question: “What will happen if …”. In other words, this type of essay answers to the following questions: Why? (reason), or What is the result? (effect).

How to structure your cause and effect essay

Before you start working on your paper, you should choose one of the givenessay topics. This small step will help you to title the paragraphs of the future essay, and then it would be necessary to make up the right content for each of them. There needs to be an introduction outlining the topics’ background, setting out the main issues of the chosen topic, and stating the article’s purpose, which in this case is the main focus of the argument. The next peculiar step is a body paragraph or paragraphs, where you will delve deeper into the topic. It gives the cause and effect as outlined in the essay, as well as a description of the connotation of how the cause relates to the effect. The last part is the conclusion. It sums up thoughts that were developed in the previous parts, and overviews possible effects of the discussed issues on the reader.

Need a Cause and Effect Essay?

Trust real pros to write your essay. Hire an expert to deal with your paper and chill out.

How to write a cause and effect essay outline

An outline is a description or plan showing a general pattern of the future essay. The idea behind it is to put all your arguments into the right logical order. If you want yourcustom essay be clear and comprehensible to the reader, you should pay attention to this part. Another question that might arise is ‘What do you need for creating an essay outline?’ The outline structure may vary depending on the length or complexity of the subject you are writing about. The most common and the simplest way to approach the structure is a five-paragraph essay. There should be at least ten angles of approach to formulating an argument in your paper. Take a look at the easiest essay outline example:


  • Hook statement
  • Background information (relating to the body paragraphs)
  • Thesis statement

Body Paragraphs (Causes and Effects)

  • Thesis
  • Argument
  • Evidence (as many as possible)


  • Significance of the main argument (proving/reflecting thesis)
  • Provide closure

Keeping in mind this shortessay outline structure will help you deal with any essay because  this type of structure is generally acceptable for the majority of essays. Most academic writing is based on it. The only thing that may differ is just a number of paragraphs, which depends on the type of argumentation you intend to use. Anyway, you need to be good at the topic, make a deep research on it, and do your best to compile everything into one coherent product. Research is considered a part of brainstorming, as you are likely to be fluent in what you are writing about. Despite the fact that the essay has a free form, it incorporates some structural features. You should comply with the following requirements:

  • All the thoughts should be stated in the thesis;
  • Each thesis must be supported by arguments.

Arguments, in this case, are specific well-known facts, events, phenomena, objects, scientifically proven facts, etc. General statements such as “My grandmother told me about this” cannot be considered as an argument. Books or films’ references are appropriate.


This part of your cause and effect essay must consider the issue under review, something that we are going to talk about, and how it will be accomplished. At the end of the introductory paragraph, you should put a complex thesis that expresses your main point. Gather the background information into the next paragraph of this section. Describe the whole story of the issue, give the core information upon the question, society’s impact, or even possible solutions for it.

Body Paragraphs (Causes and Effects)

The main part requires the most attention as its structure may vary. For instance, in case of the thesis-argument, first of all we fix the thought and then prove it. In the reverse structure (facts-conclusion) we describe the situation or give facts and then provide a conclusion. This approach is repeated for each paragraph.

In case there is the thesis and a couple of arguments (facts) one thought is confirmed by several illustrations. The thesis can come at the beginning or be placed a bit further in the paragraph. The thesis is a short, complete thought, which reflects the main idea of the paragraph. An argument is proof of the thesis which may include a situation from life, news, the opinion of a scientist, a scientific theory, or a proven fact. Ideally, one thesis should be supported by two arguments. One may seem inconclusive to the reader, and three will overload the text. However, you are free to bring any number of arguments to your thesis, depending on the thought itself, volume, and cause and effect essay topics. It is important to maintain consistency, conciseness, and imagery of the paper.


As a rule, in conclusion, you should summarise everything that was mentioned in the essay. The author, together with the reader, sums up the pain points of the composition. It is important that the conclusions are not far-fetched and do not arise “out of nowhere.” Conclusion should contain only the information that the reader comes to after reading the whole essay.