Discuss how you will initially prioritize your care according to your patient’s conditions and treatment (750 words).

Written Assessment—Case Study

Details

As a new graduate nurse on your last rotation, you are working on a busy acute combined medical / surgical ward. You have arrived for an evening shift and receive handover from the staff from the previous shift.

You have been allocated to care for the following five patients

1. Steven is a 27 year old who presented with acute appendicitis via the Emergency Department that required emergency appendectomy overnight. He is currently NBM and has IV 0.9% Sodium Chloride infusing at 100mls per hour. Steven is complaining of abdominal pain and has a temperature of 39.2. He has been reviewed by the surgical team and has been ordered intravenous Metronidazole 500mg TDS.

2. Peter is a 55 year old male who had an ERCP today (endoscopic retrograde

cholangiopancreatograghy) and removal of gall stones x 3 after persistent epigastric pain for 2 days. He is currently complaining of nausea and mild right shoulder tip pain.

3. Phillip is a 68 year old male who has been admitted for infective exacerbation of his COPD. He is currently on nasal prongs at 2 litres a minute and is due for his IV hydrocortisone (100mg BD) and Piperacillin with Tazobactam (Tazocin) IV (4.5G TDS). His oxygen saturation is 94%.

4. John is 75 year old male who was admitted with chest pain via the Emergency Department earlier on in the day. He has a background history of angina and coronary heart disease. He has been commenced on an intravenous heparin infusion and aspirin 100mg daily. The APTT is to be kept between 50 to 75 seconds.

5. Melinda is a 42 year old female who presented with sudden onset of severe headache. She has been admitted under neurosurgery. Her CT scan revealed a small (Grade 1) subarachnoid haemorrhage from a cerebral artery aneurysm which was successfully coiled in the interventional radiology suite 5 days ago. She is currently prescribed Nimodipine 60mg oral tablets. She has a GCS of 15.

PLEASE ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS AS PER THE ABOVE SCENARIOS

Question1. Discuss how you will initially prioritize your care according to your patient’s conditions and treatment (750 words).

Question2. When reviewing Peter in bed 2, he states that his nausea is becoming worse. You review the medication chart and no antiemetic is ordered. Discuss what your actions would be in this situation (250 words).

Question3. While assessing John in bed 4, you review his last coagulation profile and note that his APTT is > 150 seconds. What is the significance of this result? Referring to the ward protocol below, rationalise your actions. (250 words)

aPTT (second) Bolus dose IV Stop infusion IV rate change(mL/hr) Repeat aPTT

50 Nil 60 minutes Restart at 0.1 mL/hr less than previous rate 6 hours

Question4. When reviewing Melinda in bed 5, she complains of feeling faint when she gets out of bed to mobilize to the bathroom. You assess her blood pressure and it is 80/40. What is the significance of this result and what could be contributing to the hypotension? What would be your response? (250 words)

Marking criteria and standards:

Q1: Prioritises and justifies initial assessment and care of patients. (Mark:15)

Outstanding, clear, concise and expert identification and critical discussion of the

prioritisation and initial assessment and care of the four patients.

Interesting, complex, original, cogent, excellent critical discussion related to

prioritisation and initial assessment and care of the four patients.

Q2. Rationalises action for additional medication order(Mark:15)

Outstanding, clear, concise and expert identification and critical discussion of the

significance of the medication and rational for intervention. Interesting, complex,

original, cogent, excellent critical discussion related to the significance of the medication order and rational for intervention.

Q3. Relates significance of Heparin with APTT result and rationalises intervention. (Mark:15)

Outstanding, clear, concise and expert identification and critical discussion of the significance of the medication and rational for intervention.Interesting, complex,

original, cogent, excellent critical discussion related to the significance of the

medication order and rational for intervention.

Q4. Evaluates clinical situation and prioritises patient intervention and calls for assistance. (Mark:10)

Outstanding, clear, concise and expert identification and critical discussion on the

prioritisation of care and calling for assistance.Interesting, complex, original, cogent, excellent critical discussion related to prioritisation of care and calling for assistance.

Presentation and Referencing (Mark:5) Flawless referencing, with all references adequately and correctly given, both in text and in final reference list according to designated APA style. Outstanding, publishable level of writing style and use

of language evidenced. Publishable or outstanding level of clarity of expression

and scholarly writing style, with no evidence of any discriminatory use of

language noted in the work. Expert, coherent, logical organised sequencing.

Essential texts:

Chang, E., & Daly, J (2012). Transitions in nursing (3rd ed.). Sydney,

Australia: Elsevier.

Tollefson, J. (2010). Clinical psychomotor skills: Assessment tools for

nursing students. South Melbourne, Australia: Thomas Learning

Australia

Perry, A. G., Potter, P. A. & Ostendowf, W.A. (2010). Clinical nursing

skills and techniques (8th ed.). Missouri, MO: Mosby/Elsevier.

Brown, D., & Edwards, H. (Eds.). (2012). Lewis’s medical-surgical

nursing: Assessment and management of clinical problems (3rd ed.).

Sydney, Australia: Elsevier

Le Mone, P., & Burke, K. (2011). Medical- surgical nursing: Critical

thinking in client care (Vol. 1). French’s Forest, Australia: Pearson.

Bullock, S., Manias, E. & Galbraith, A., (2011). Fundamentals of

pharmacology. (6th ed.). Sydney, Australia: Pearson Education

Australia

Additional reading list:

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