To what extent does ageism affect the quality of health care for senior patients?

Final Research Project Preparation – Annotated Bibliography

Review the Final Research Project instructions located in Week Five. To help with the preparation of the paper, complete the following items and submit them to your instructor as a single document.

Introduction to Topic: Refer to the Final Research Project guidelines for your topic selection. For your introduction, you should write a 150-word paragraph which clearly explains the topic, the importance of further research, ethical implications, and how the topic relates to one’s academic and professional pursuits. Make sure you effectively inform the reader of the rationale behind your topic.
Thesis statement: Write a direct and concise thesis statement, which will become the point or perspective you will argue or prove in the Final Research Project. A thesis statement should be a single declarative sentence that makes one point in 25 words or less. The thesis statement must appear within the introduction paragraph.
Annotated Bibliography: To help prepare for your Final Research Project, write an annotated bibliography to indicate the quality of the sources you have read. The bibliography must include no less than five scholarly sources that will be used to support the major points of the Final Research Project. Critical thinking skills need to be demonstrated by accurately interpreting evidence used to support various positions of the topic. Please make sure to provide full reference information in accordance with APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center. Write a brief paragraph (around 150 words) summarizing the source and explaining how it is pertinent and relevant to the topic of the project and how each source will support your thesis statement. See the Sample Annotated Bibliography in the Ashford Writing Center for more detailed information. Keep in mind the academic research standards for all Ashford University papers.
For information regarding APA, including samples and tutorials, visit the Ashford Writing Center.

The Final Research Project Preparation

Must be 1,000 – 1,250 words in length (excluding the title and reference pages) and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.
Must include a separate title page with the following:
Title of paper
Student’s name
Course name and number
Instructor’s name
Date submitted
Must use at least five scholarly sources.
Must document all sources in APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.

Final Research Project Topic

To what extent does ageism affect the quality of health care for senior patients?

Identification of the topic and narrowing down to the specific question was done based on the guidelines provided and performing a Google search on debates about the issue. The guidelines provided required that one select a topic from a contemporary societal problem such as cloning, prayer in schools, ageism, euthanasia and stem cell research among others. The author decided that ageism was sufficiently interesting and performed a Google search on the issue and came across the topic of the effect of ageism on the quality of health care for senior patients.

Ageism refers to stereotyping coupled with a negative attitude towards senior people based on their age (Kydd & Fleming, 2015). It has been witnessed in numerous areas such as in work places, in public recreational areas and even in health care. Old people have reported that they have been treated poorly in hospital by health care workers largely based on the assumption that they are ill because they are old (Stewart, Chipperfield, Perry, & Weiner, 2012; Eymard & Douglas, 2012).

Scholarly sources are vital to supporting claims and suppositions because they are deemed reliable especially peer-reviewed journal articles and published books. The topic on the impact of ageism in health care for senior patients is best described using supporting literature. In their study on ageism and its relationship to negative outcomes Stewart, Chipperfield, Perry and Weiner (2012) found a positive correlation between attributing old age to poor health and likelihood of mortality at 2-year follow-up. Kydd and Flemming (2015) demonstrated negative attitudes by older people using health care services due to different reasons among them perceived ageism among healthcare providers.

REFERENCES
Eymard, A. S., & Douglas, D. H. (2012). Ageism among Health Care Providers and Interventions to Improve Their Attitudes Toward Older Adults: An Integrative Review. Journal of Gerontological Nursing, 38(5), 26-35.

Kydd, A., & Fleming, A. (2015). Ageism and age discrimination in health care: Fact or fiction? A narrative review of the literature. The European Menopausal Journal, 81(4), 432-438.

Stewart, T. L., Chipperfield, J. G., Perry, R. P., & Weiner, B. (2012). Attributing illness to ‘old age:’ Consequences of a self-directed stereotype for health and mortality. Psychology & Health, 27(8), 881-897.

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